WIU may well be the last university in Illinois that still develops and maintains its own business systems running on a mainframe. For dozens of years, applications tailored and customized specifically to WIU’s business needs have been developed by Administrative Information Management Systems (AIMS), primarily in the COBOL programming language. These applications and databases are running on our mainframe located in the data center on the Macomb campus.
While this has provided WIU with certain advantages, such as being able to get award letters out to students sooner than most other schools, it lacks many of the features found in newer systems (including intuitive user interfaces, the ability for end users to get the data they need and are authorized to access without submitting a programming request, dashboards, etc.). We cannot compete with many of the vendors’ newer applications that are backed by huge programming teams (numbering in the hundreds or even thousands). Many new staff who join Western from other institutions have come to expect the features found in these newer systems.
In January 2015, WIU contracted with the BerryDunn consulting firm to review our ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning or business systems) to review our electronic business processes, most of which are running on the mainframe (MVS) system. Throughout the Spring 2015 semester, their consultants visited the Macomb campus, surveyed WIU employees and dug into the details of our technological processes. They were specifically asked to evaluate our mainframe system, applications, and business processes and to provide us options as we move into the future. They were not, however, to make any specific recommendations regarding a particular system or vendor. Their final report was delivered to us in July 2015.
In December 2015, we again engaged them to help us evaluate the different models available for ERP systems (Software as a Service, Commercial Off the Shelf, and Community Source). They contacted and facilitated dialogues with other institutions who have converted their ERP systems and identified WIU’s next steps in selecting a different ERP or to enhance our current one. Subsequently, EAB (formerly known as the Educational Advisory Board) conducted research and produced reports for us on cloud-based ERP selection and implementation.
Since then, the steering committee of WIU’s Enterprise Task Force (ETF), which includes two of our vice presidents, made the decision to pursue cloud-based Software as a Service (often referred to as SaaS) models. An ERP cloud-based solution, subscription-based, is a suite of applications running on a vendor’s servers that we would access through the Internet instead of servers in our data center. One of the advantages of this solution is that the vendor is responsible for developing and maintaining all applications… and updating them to meet new state and federal requirements, which is becoming more difficult for WIU given that the pool of available programmers who are proficient in COBOL is shrinking, reductions in WIU staff, and retirements.
A cloud-based solution will require us to embrace a different mindset. Departments will no longer be able to request new custom applications that AIMS would then prioritize and develop. While WIU could request the vendor to develop new applications, those would only be available if the vendor develops and releases them–which would be based on the needs and priorities of their entire user base.
The ETF is now in the process of reviewing some cloud-based products by means of on-site, high-level demonstrations of their Human Capital Management/Human Resources, Financial & Student Information modules. To that end, we have invited some vendors to campus solely for the purpose of learning more about cloud-based systems. It is important to note that WIU has not issued a RFP and it is likely that we are three to five years away from actually making a switch to a new system. During that future implementation phase, we will need to maintain our current ERP while focusing on getting the greatest use of the functionality available in the new system. The conversion will take considerable effort on everyone’s part (both AIMS and end-users). From what we’ve seen thus far, however, the work will be well worth it!